It is interesting that in the 21st Century, with popular music no longer considered a transient fad aimed solely at teenagers, that some people still do not realise that a guitar is simply not just either electric acoustic or bass. For the benefit of those who want to learn about different types of guitar and therefore different types of music and songs, I've assembled an incredibly simple review of differing kinds so you might possibly choose to get more info with the many sources on the market:
Acoustic Guitar: The most prevalent hollow bodied instrument available anywhere. The hollowed out body behaves as a sound box consequently there is not any electronic boosting necessary. This kind of guitar can be used in most musical styles.
Electric Acoustic Guitar: Just like the acoustic guitar, though with pick-ups to raise sound and create effects as required. It'll be tricky to separate an acoustic and electric acoustic simply by looking at them. They are able to also be played without amplification.
12 String Guitars: Obviously, has twelve strings which are arranged in pairs. Typically, the G, B and e string pairs (thinner strings) are tuned in unison and the E, A and D pairs (fatter strings) are tuned in octaves. The guitars may be either electric or acoustic and are generally used as a rhythm accompaniment. For some wonderful examples have a listen to The Byrds and folk music.
Solid Body Electric: Basically has a body of either a single or multiple pieces of solid wood that uses electromagnetic pickups to induce a signal. Famous names include Fender Stratocaster, Fender Telecaster and Gibson Les Paul.
Chambered Body Electric: This guitar is also referred to as electro or semi acoustic guitar. Like the solid body it uses electromagnetic pickups to induce a signal with the body being made from single or multiple pieces of solid wood with hollow chambers. These might be seen as either arch top or jazz guitars. Famous examples are the Epiphone Casin0 and Gibson ES335.
Steel: This guitar is played by laying steel bar or slide laid across the strings rather than using finger fretting. Lap steels come with 6 or 8 strings with the pedal steel coming with up to 13. Some versions, called pedal steel have, unsurprisingly, pedals and knee levers to change the intonation and resonance of the strings. They tend to be picked not strummed.
Resonator: This type of guitar uses metal resonating cones instead of a soundboard to produce sound. A Dobro is a common term for a resonator and is commonly played with a slide and picked as opposed to strummed. You are likely to have heard this on country or bluegrass tracks. George Harrison of The Beatles used one during the late 1960s and early 1970s. A common make of resonator guitar is a National.
Those are the most common, however there are some others that you may come across:
Weissenborn: This is a specific type of acoustic lap steel guitar, built with the body cavity extending under the fretboard. Less than 5,000 were ever produced.
Baritone: A guitar which has a longer scale length in order that it could be tuned lower. Baritone guitars could be tuned a third, a fourth, or perhaps a fifth lower than regular tuning. These were regularly used by The Beach Boys and in other surf type songs.
Harp Guitar: A guitar with additional low strings meant to be plucked as low-end harmony notes. The low notes (blank) come without a fretboard. They have been around more than 200 years in a variety of types.
Tenor guitars: They are tuned in fifths, C G D A. They've four strings and are somewhat small compared to the common acoustic or electric guitar. Their configuration and sound means they are suited to both rhythm and lead. Famous makers which include Martin and Gibson have made variations in the past.
Guitarron: It is a substantial, deep bodied guitar, played in Mexican Mariachi bands. It is a fretless, nylon stringed guitar. Mainly used for doubling notes in the octave, therefore it's got the uncommon tuning of A D G C E A. You will likely have observed one of them on film and it was used by Scottish band Fairground Attraction in the 1980's.
Russian Guitar: It is a seven string guitar and is typically strummed or finger picked. It will always be tuned in thirds.
You can find, naturally, variants of each one of the various guitars, but hopefully you will find that it is not just about acoustic, electric, bass and electric acoustic guitars. There's a complete range of types and sounds to understand more about.